Pastoral Planning is on-going, life-long, and life-giving. At the beginning of the 20th century the planning efforts of dioceses studied the challenges of the huge increase of European immigrants coming to the USA. In the middle of the 20th century, diocesan efforts responded to the post-WWII ‘baby boom’ and the rapidly expanding suburbs. In the late 20th century and now, planning efforts continue to focus on sustaining evolving parishes, an increase in Spanish speakers, and new immigrants from all over the world. A parish is created to serve all of those who live within the borders given to it by the bishop. The pastoral council assists the pastor and pastoral leaders in giving vision and direction to the parish and focusing its time, talent, and treasure to build the kingdom of God in its area. This is planning for the full, conscious, active discipleship of all of the people of God. This process is on-going, life-long, and life-giving.