Advent is the four week season before Christmas when many Catholics commemorate the first coming of Christ and anticipate His second coming. The first Sunday of Advent can fall on any date between (and including) November 27 and December 3. The word “advent” means coming or arrival. The Advent Season is focused on the coming of Jesus as Messiah (Christ or King). Christian worship, Bible readings, and prayers not only prepare us spiritually for Christmas (His first coming), but also for His eventual second coming. This is why the Bible readings during Advent include both Old Testament passages related to the expected Messiah and New Testament passages concerning Jesus’ second coming as judge of all. Also, passages about John the Baptist, the precursor who prepared the way for the Messiah, are read. All of these themes are present in Catholic worship during Advent.